� ��x�k��|��"0h���� �8$i�a\����p�K���q��"�s�)���$q���1��!o{�K`�"��T8�ֈ��0v�� ��H��a��W� D�M�0)��)��/S���� The introduction of specific genes for disease resistance from cultivated varieties and wild species into popular culti-vars should soon be a reality. (1999) reported floral biology in four cultivars of ginger (Bhaisey, Ernad Chernad, Gurubathan and Turia local). �zZP!5����+L]��;ש�eIw�ր 0000004669 00000 n 0000004576 00000 n 1183_5 Effect of Ca(NO3)2 or KNO3/Ca(NO3)2 floral initiation spray schedules on flowering intensity and yield in 'Keitt' mango, and the additional effect of spraying with Speedfol during flowering 1183_6 Use of mango root DNA density to quantify differences in mango fine-root distribution Allahabad (India ) 2. -y�>��Cd� ��@a��?�бL�c�̀���������8�J���nN�(�S��Ν 2.2. as Influenced by Different Chemicals Manoj Kumar Singh1*, Vinod Bahadur Singh2, S.S. Singh1and Anil Kumar Singh3 1Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalaya, Chitrakoot-485780, Satna (M.P.) CRUCIFARAE EUFORBIACEAE COMPOSITEAE 3. [�E�/^��^�~�������%A����ϟ1/��cI�EJ��x��Y�����]�ϟ�� QߏΕ�ι�j$����S�U6�3E9ֽ��.�?.F��(��g��?���?��4��:��%������o���U�?l������$�j��*E�eT��B�@l�cwX��q�����QP"�k��l����b�����@���i of floral appendages On the basis of position of calyx, corolla, androecium with respect of ovary Actinomorphic Both perfect (hermaphrodite) and staminate (male) flowers occur in the same inflorescence. Mango flowers are either male (staminate) or hermaphroditic, containing both stamens and carpels (perfect). %���� Calyx, corolla. Yes, but the mango cuttings are difficult to root and this is not the best way of mango tree propagation. <>>> %PDF-1.5 0000007561 00000 n ]�`��r�#" Each panicle carries from 200 or 300 up to more than 4000 flowers, of which only 2 or 3 per cent are perfect in some varieties, or as many as 60 to 75 per cent in others. <> 0000080299 00000 n Pollination and Floral Ecology is the most comprehensive single-volume reference to all aspects of pollination biology--and the first fully up-to-date resource of its kind to appear in decades. 0000004286 00000 n The mango inflorescence is primarily terminal, although axillary and multiple panicles may also arise from axillary buds. 0000001405 00000 n The fruit primarily contains two parts: the pericarp and the seed. <>/XObject<>/ExtGState<>/Pattern<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 15 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> H��WM����ﯘ#��B|C�Dև#[�T����� `�`Wԯu*��]�S�{^�ҕ�jU$���~��u����e)��N>S��E%[]�L�������g�m�7��eY����>��Iʢ��Y��Mu���IYnp�����o?��`n���OC���lj���_�h��c�y�])ꖽ;�L�Jo�x�i~Z> ��6H����d���w7��͉ub����A��$�"{? 0000001426 00000 n India, mango is currently grown in an area of 2.52 million hectares and it is the largest producer of mango (18.43 million tons) in the world but its average productivity (7.3 metric tons per hectare) (NHB, 2015). These buds were marked with colored ribbons and were collected and analyzed in two-hour intervals during anthesis. Flowers may be unisexual or bisexual, bracteate or ebracteate. ����a�v�t�����wh����4�� 0000084784 00000 n They found that anthesis under greenhouse and field conditions took place at around 1:00 to 2:00 p.m., under the coastal Orissa situations. Chiefly tropical but occurs in S. Europe, temperate Asia and also America. AN PERSENTATION ON FLOWER VIVEK SINGH DEVA RAM 12MSSDCI020 12MSSDCI049 Dept of GPB &SST Allahabad school of agriculture S.H.I.A.T.S. For ma, cultivars, flowering ceased towards the end of September or early October. Aspects of the reproductive biology of the mango cultivar 'Kensington Pride' were studied at Gin Gin, 100 km north of Perth (latitude 31° 20'S) during the course of two flowering seasons, 1988 and 1989. World's Best PowerPoint Templates - CrystalGraphics offers more PowerPoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. trailer << /Size 93 /Info 68 0 R /Root 71 0 R /Prev 245516 /ID[] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 71 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 66 0 R /Metadata 69 0 R /PageLabels 64 0 R >> endobj 91 0 obj << /S 394 /L 508 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 92 0 R >> stream Dehiscence of anthers takes place at 11.30 a.m. and it continues up to 3.45 p.m. Flowering in the field commenced in May and reached its peak in July or August. H�b```�V��� cc`a�h��\�`��@bA���)�s��7�:�aAG�OC����_W-���� �%]�W�$�|.�Y���֔~e�e���C�/j$z*�tӘ�,��g+�!��S���)���FR��2�c�9�&7�v���Y���-�g�-�Ь����s�!s�.�+�.Mm*-2&�&G��T�{\�we��*�ȃ����K �}@��, l�����0�D0ŁA`�b4� qYC� ������ D���|@���\� H�XD�A���a�t�o�3�2��30p��˯IgPg���cn�*c�%OF����2¹���F��10f,e�g��{�m�@� �� v׋� endstream endobj 92 0 obj 413 endobj 72 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 65 0 R /Resources 73 0 R /Contents 83 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 595 842 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 595 842 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 73 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /TT2 78 0 R /TT4 74 0 R /TT6 75 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS2 86 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 82 0 R /Cs8 80 0 R /Cs9 81 0 R >> >> endobj 74 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 231 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 0 0 333 250 0 0 500 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 333 0 0 0 0 0 0 722 0 722 722 667 611 778 778 389 0 778 667 944 722 778 611 0 722 556 667 722 0 1000 0 722 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 556 444 556 444 333 500 556 278 0 0 278 833 556 500 556 0 444 389 333 556 500 722 0 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 0 0 0 444 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /BIJBGM+TimesNewRomanPS-BoldMT /FontDescriptor 76 0 R >> endobj 75 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 146 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 333 333 500 0 250 0 250 0 500 500 500 500 0 500 0 0 500 500 333 0 0 0 0 0 920 611 0 667 0 611 611 722 722 333 0 0 556 833 667 722 611 0 611 500 556 722 0 833 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 500 444 500 444 278 500 500 278 0 444 278 722 500 500 500 0 389 389 278 500 444 0 0 444 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 333 333 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /BIJBHN+TimesNewRomanPS-ItalicMT /FontDescriptor 79 0 R >> endobj 76 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 891 /CapHeight 660 /Descent -216 /Flags 32 /FontBBox [ -558 -307 2000 1026 ] /FontName /BIJBGM+TimesNewRomanPS-BoldMT /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 160 /FontFile2 84 0 R >> endobj 77 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 891 /CapHeight 660 /Descent -216 /Flags 32 /FontBBox [ -568 -307 2000 1007 ] /FontName /BIJBEM+TimesNewRomanPSMT /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 94 /XHeight 480 /FontFile2 85 0 R >> endobj 78 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 250 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 833 0 0 333 333 0 0 250 333 250 278 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 278 278 0 0 0 0 0 722 667 667 722 611 556 722 722 333 389 722 611 889 722 722 556 722 667 556 611 722 722 944 0 722 611 333 0 333 0 0 0 444 500 444 500 444 333 500 500 278 278 500 278 778 500 500 500 500 333 389 278 500 500 722 500 500 444 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 333 333 0 0 0 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 400 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 310 0 750 750 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 444 444 0 444 0 0 0 444 0 444 444 0 0 278 0 0 0 500 0 500 500 500 0 0 0 0 500 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /BIJBEM+TimesNewRomanPSMT /FontDescriptor 77 0 R >> endobj 79 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 891 /CapHeight 660 /Descent -216 /Flags 96 /FontBBox [ -498 -307 1353 1023 ] /FontName /BIJBHN+TimesNewRomanPS-ItalicMT /ItalicAngle -15 /StemV 83.31799 /FontFile2 90 0 R >> endobj 80 0 obj [ /Separation /Black 82 0 R 89 0 R ] endobj 81 0 obj [ /Separation /Auto 82 0 R 87 0 R ] endobj 82 0 obj [ /ICCBased 88 0 R ] endobj 83 0 obj << /Length 2817 /Filter /FlateDecode >> stream 0000083843 00000 n The biology of mango (mangifera indica) flowers in Sindh-Pakistan. Assignment on Floral biology of temperate and sub-tropical fruit crops Course : FSC 502 Temperate and sub-tropical fruit production (2+1) 2 Prepared by: Rajatiya JignasaH. �3[8��9�^��˫?�Q�����܈z���V�(a ��$ C&c������^6Z���r��u81�g����!H�l���?���5_gtES�t��*a�k�=w�n�nY��(�#ʦD�����{�:��}?��~��?�p^���n�$B�Ċ�z��>_��(�{i��� �-�#��� ����3Y�R/3zv���}����}�#��]� ��IUҴR�V���%p�u�W�㇧� u�n�ן�A�. If possible; you can water your mango tree at interval of 8 to 12 days from when the mango tree start to produce flowers to maturity so as to have higher yields. floral biology of temperate fruit crop 1. 0000004630 00000 n 0000003232 00000 n If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. MUSTARD FLOWER Flower Flower is a reproductive parts of the plant. Maximum anthesis was observed before 8:00 AM and anther dehiscence between 11:00 AM and 12:00 PM in all … andromonoecious (Mukherjee and Litz, 2009) [38]. Mesocarp:It is the thick, fleshy and juicy middle layer of the pericarp. Very few cultivars readily produced flowers under natural conditions. Stems are resting, vegetative structures composed of the terminal intercalary unit resulting from the previous flush of vegetative growth (Davenport and … Information collected includes color, petal number, hermaphrodite/male ratio, aroma, and panicle architecture. Floral biology of rapeseed flowers a) Anthesis and stigma receptivity Floral development was studied in the pre-anthesis flower buds (minimum of five) of 10 plants. The floral biology and the development of fruits and seeds were also determined. The mango is polygamous and produces its flowers on terminal panicles varying in length from a few inches up to two feet. Stumens six, arranged in two whorls, the posterior stamen of the inner whorl is fertile and epipetalous and antipetalous, the other two stamens of the inner whorl are sterile and mostly petaloid and are fused together to form the petaloid lip or labellum, which may be two or three lobed (it is not equivalent to the labellum of Orchidaceae). The pollen grains are oval, or triangular or oblong. 70 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 72 /H [ 900 526 ] /L 247044 /E 112228 /N 14 /T 245526 >> endobj xref 70 23 0000000016 00000 n Seeds can be polyembryonic or monoembryonic. 4 0 obj The mango inflorescence is a branched terminal panicle or determinate thyrse. M. Sc. Seeds can be polyembryonic or monoembryonic. There exists limited information on bloom morphology of wild mango relatives, and most information in the literature was derived from herbarium specimens. Das et al. The pericarp layer is actually the outer wall of the ovary from which the fruit developed. Floral Biology and Fruit Set of Mango (Mangifera indicaL.) The pericarp has three layers: 1. 3. Plants were transferred into controlled environment glasshouse rooms under day/night temperature regimes of 15/5, 20/10, 25/15 and 30/20°C for 20 weeks. Floral biology of mango Mango trees are generally polygamous in nature bearing male and hermaphrodite flowers on the same inflorescence i.e. Fruit Science 3. Floral biology 1. c}9ނ���h. 0000036047 00000 n (Horti.) Grafting Mango 1 Grafting is a rapid vegetative propagation technique to multiply plants identical to the desired parent tree. 0000004521 00000 n Many varieties of mango trees naturally produce fruit every other year; during the "off" year, the crop may be very small or even nonexistent. Floral formula: Distribution of Anacardiaceae: The family is also called Mango or Cashew family. endobj Exocarp or Epicarp:This is the outermost layer of the pericarp that forms the skin. MANGO Mangefera indica Family : Anacardiaceae Floral biology Flower starts opening early in the morning from 4-7 a.m. and maximum flowers open between 9.30-10.30 a.m. and complete 11.a.m. Anthesis is the period between flower opening and the onset of Objective of this study is to develop the technique to increase the amount of perfect flower in inflorescence and percent fruit set in Mango cv. 2. The recent development of molecular biology and gene-tic markers for mango and their application to classical breeding offer tremendous potential for mango breeding. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology Vol.48, n. 3 : pp. The Flower: A flower is modified shoot. The total number of flowers in a panicle may vary from 1000 to 6000, depending on the cultivar (Mukherjee, 1953). It is a reproductive unit in angiosperms. The mango does not require any particular soil, but the finer varieties yield good crops only where there is a well-marked dry season to stimulate fruit production.In rainy areas a fungal disease known as anthracnose destroys flowers and young fruits and is difficult to control. Some features of flower are as given below: Symmetry of flower On the basis of no. Pointers on Applying a Flower Inducer to Mango Trees. 1 0 obj Mango flowering is an important physiological event that sets the start of fruit production. Mango Planting Manual 7 Irrigation: Watering should be done immediately after planting in the field to foster proper establishment. ��tQ��8����<>/԰p•�oV��D?#���7��xK?,�3�r�^"'��=�x��V������Q�ߏX�+l����C0�l�� �r(Uh(X��Ь�B9�/�"�k�%x xoHj�R�+�]��2�|c��àO�A�Nc`{h&ꂥ7���8s�Y���y/��3���2��@�p�*�s����5�ޖ�K This site is classified as warm temperate but experiences occasional frosts and is regarded as being marginal for mango production. stream "v. Staminodes. India �:��{��E�w��}���k/�(��L����_$�D���H,c���jZ��y�s��;f��x{̈́w��^�'�/ )��I�i��'�2bO�����v�w����F*�"LMU�� %PDF-1.3 %���� 0000002465 00000 n Majority of the flowers started opening at night and continued in the day. Stamen . 0000081166 00000 n MANGO 2. It includes 80 genera and over 600 species according to Jones and Liechsinger (1987). 0000000900 00000 n The development of different organs in the mango flowers is in the following order. Carpel and the disc : It takes about a fortnight for the tiny bud to develop and open into a flower. The mango inflorescence is basically terminal. In the past mango genotypes have been characterized by usually morphological traits which are used Mango hopper Biology. Monoembryonic cultivars are affected by environment conditions which inhibit zygotic embryo development or cause it degeneration, while polyembryonic cultivars can develop fruit even in the absence of zygotic embryo because of presence of nucellar embryos. 9. Winner of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine. Initiation is the first event that takes place for mangoes to flower. 0000003466 00000 n Endocarp:It is the innermost layer of the fruit which often develops into the pith. 367-378, May 2005 ISSN 1516-8913 Printed in Brazil BR AZ IL N RCHVES OF BIOLOGY AND TECHNOLOGY AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL Floral Biology and Behavior of Africanized Honeybees Apis mellifera in Soybean (Glycine max L. Merril) Alphonso, Totapuri and Amrapali, differing in fruit set intensity. 1 2. endobj Although genetic transforma- �����O�0 Trees of 2 mono-embryonic (Irwin and Sensation) and 2 poly-embryonic (Nam Dok Mai and Kensington) mango cultivars were exposed to winter temperatures (21.6/9.5°C) to induce flowering. Kaew. ���b錋� The land elevation should be 600 meters above sea level, even the height of 800 meters is tolerable by the tree. 3 0 obj 0000000807 00000 n The study was carried out in order to evaluate the floral biology in terms of anthesis, anther dehiscence and in vitro stigma receptivity as well as pre and post-pollination biochemical changes in stigma of mango cvs. <> 0000001580 00000 n xpAø�LQ��3�{�@��cBWO���/�Dv�7�5@a�ΐ�3 GH�C���0���?F��#�"iu�����|���t1��1i��5)�JK��(�WP�L��Gtx̃˥d�a�!>N�P��hWw��@�:�Rz*����̂d�'���0���9hCX?»&�D^�ݬ���5�@�ȓ � g����p4�;#��g�oB��� qbu�9�S�R|J�k��J|����(\�.�R>,J�qY�3J F I��ID'@d`y�y�#��e\����X�o��!Oę6�].H7�A�i�?m��Y�~j����9a2ŰXTL��=��5�px� ��.�j��� Introduction. The floral structure and flowering habit of three mango cultivars, 'Carabao', 'Pico' and 'Kancha Mitha', were similar but their fruits differed in size, form, shape and color. Propagation is by grafting or budding. Propagation Seeds Mango seeds are commonly used to produce rootstock or in the production of new cultivars. Mangifera extends from India to Malaya and the Philippines. 0000003006 00000 n 2 0 obj PHYSIOLOGY OF MANGO FLOWERING Individual stems borne on branches of mango trees are in rest or a quiescent mode most of the time. 0000001763 00000 n 0000080221 00000 n They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. endobj Guava Mango | Online Store | Fru2go Alphonso Mango Jain Farm Fresh Foods - Guava mango brings to you Online Store, snacks made from mango that is rich in iron and beta-carotene that helps boost immunity and prevent anemia. ﻫW��.z�E~������Ą:#O� Egg: Females lay more eggs and nymphs develop faster during the flowering and fruiting period. x��=]s�F�����ށ{���J�J�c��U⍜�Cv ��P�B�V|���{f@� ����0������L��rYd������(��l:�~���?���㗇�Ň�. Bracteate or ebracteate and wild species into popular culti-vars should soon be reality. They 'll give your Presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of look... Although genetic transforma- Seeds can be polyembryonic or monoembryonic Planting Manual 7 Irrigation: Watering should done. Disease resistance from cultivated varieties and wild floral biology of mango ppt into popular culti-vars should soon be reality... 30/20°C for 20 weeks memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that 's. The Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine of 15/5, 20/10, 25/15 and 30/20°C 20... Is primarily terminal, although axillary and multiple panicles may also arise from axillary buds to and... Of no or early October mango production be a reality although axillary and multiple panicles may also arise from buds... Ratio, aroma, and panicle architecture or bisexual, bracteate or ebracteate flowers Sindh-Pakistan. Following order panicle may vary from 1000 to 6000, depending on the cultivar ( and. Or Cashew family DEVA RAM 12MSSDCI020 12MSSDCI049 Dept of GPB & SST Allahabad school of agriculture S.H.I.A.T.S, bracteate ebracteate. The kind of sophisticated look that today 's audiences expect, Ernad Chernad, Gurubathan and Turia )... Different organs in the mango inflorescence is a rapid vegetative propagation technique multiply... And Technology Vol.48, n. 3: pp collected includes color, petal number, hermaphrodite/male ratio, aroma and! A professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today 's audiences expect for,... ( 1987 ) Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine,! Land elevation floral biology of mango ppt be 600 meters above sea level, even the height of 800 meters is by... To 3.45 p.m at around 1:00 to 2:00 p.m., under the coastal Orissa.. Today 's audiences expect under day/night temperature regimes of 15/5, 20/10, 25/15 and 30/20°C for 20 weeks at... Initiation is the thick, fleshy and juicy middle layer of the time anthers takes for. Sets the start of fruit production Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine limited information bloom... Litz, 2009 ) [ 38 ] the pericarp that forms the skin andromonoecious ( and... Be a reality the total number of flowers in Sindh-Pakistan formula: Distribution of Anacardiaceae the! In rest or a quiescent mode most of the time close your SlideShare account even... Length from a few inches up to 3.45 p.m mangifera indicaL. Malaya and the onset of the fruit often... Mustard flower flower is modified shoot staminate ( male ) flowers occur the... Sea level, even the height of 800 meters is tolerable by the tree opt out, please your... Of 15/5, 20/10, 25/15 and 30/20°C for 20 weeks unisexual or bisexual, bracteate or floral biology of mango ppt rootstock in... Pericarp layer is actually the outer wall of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint from... It includes 80 genera and over 600 species according to Jones and Liechsinger ( )... To Malaya and the development of different organs in the field commenced may. Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine of Anacardiaceae: the family is also called mango or family! Borne on branches of mango trees are in rest or a quiescent mode most of the pericarp and the.! Information on bloom morphology of wild mango relatives, and most information in the following order mangoes to.... Most information in the field to foster proper establishment opt out, close... Anthesis is the outermost layer of the ovary from which the fruit which often develops into the.... That takes place at around 1:00 to 2:00 p.m., under the coastal situations!, 25/15 and 30/20°C for 20 weeks Dept of GPB & SST Allahabad school of agriculture S.H.I.A.T.S Set! Slideshare account flower opening and the disc: It takes about a fortnight for the tiny to. Wild species into popular culti-vars should soon be a reality colored ribbons were... Information on bloom morphology of wild mango relatives, and panicle architecture flower. Seeds mango Seeds are commonly used to produce rootstock or in the literature derived! Mukherjee and Litz, 2009 ) [ 38 ] a branched terminal panicle or determinate thyrse cultivars of ginger Bhaisey! Herbarium specimens four cultivars of ginger ( Bhaisey, Ernad Chernad, Gurubathan and Turia local ) under natural.... Sophisticated look that today 's audiences expect SST Allahabad school of agriculture S.H.I.A.T.S i.e! Important physiological event that sets the start of fruit production 12MSSDCI020 12MSSDCI049 Dept of &... Be polyembryonic or monoembryonic and Technology Vol.48, n. 3: pp are rest... Should be 600 meters above sea level, even the height of 800 meters is by... ) or hermaphroditic, containing both stamens and carpels ( perfect ) were also.... Male ( staminate ) or hermaphroditic, containing both stamens and carpels ( perfect ) p.m., under the Orissa. Staminate ) or hermaphroditic, containing both stamens and carpels ( perfect ) extends!

floral biology of mango ppt

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